- On 7 December 2010
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- features great Dane, information, Pathologies
Serious pathology to load dell ’ coxae-femur (dell ’ rear limb). Specifies in nearly all breeds of large mole, is hardly visible before 5 months and then the ’ can only guarantee is the certainty of parental exemption ’. Note dysplasia with a sudden lameness accompanied by pain if you touch the affected joint ’. The cause is to be found in an altered conformation of articular joint resulting subluxation, wear and cartilage erosion. In time leads to degeneration of phenomena deforming arthrosis. Despite having been identified l ’ genetic however has not yet been clarified the mechanism of transmission. or the study of inheritance is complex: multiple genes are involved and their effect can be increased by the environmental conditions of breeding and growth. Recessive genetic behavior may mask the presence of character that may not appear in the parents and then recur in children. Some breeds appear to be more predisposed to other. The anatomical construction, bone and muscle, probably has an important role.
Dysplasia occurs more easily in people growing. Radiographic examination of ’ L ’ coxae-femur is today universally accepted means to identify the subjects displasici and those with mild abnormalities. Radiography must be performed by an experienced veterinarian, with the dog in anaesthesia to ensure an adequate muscle relaxation and then a proper positioning dorso-ventral subject.
As in all giant breeds, due probably to the rapid growth, also the ’ great Dane is prone to heart disease, that you think might be hereditary. The most frequent are the dilated heart disease and valvular insufficiency ’ l.
AND’ unknown. Some authors argue that there is an underlying viral infection ’, others give greater importance to the hereditary component.
Symptoms: arise quickly and suddenly giving a very serious framework: extra systoles and atrial fibrillation, Dyspnea and respiratory crisis. Before long there is considerable decrease of somatic musculature and the ascites may appear ’. The animal is slaughtered ’, rejects the more normal exercise and food. L ’ radiographic survey confirms the diagnosis, showing the significant enlargement of the organ ’ that being said “heart ball”. The therapy serves only to slow down and make it less painful the disease which is, However, irreversible.
AND’ a degenerative process whose appearance is relatively early, but with very long course. Normally proceeds for a long time so asymptomatic, sometimes all riscontrandosi ’ heart auscultation of the heart murmur. Over time, often even years, We come to valve fibrosis and appear early symptoms ranging from a simple surface cough, dry, following the minimum exercise and on awakening, up to those more serious due to the sluggishness of circulating ’ caused by heart failure, i.e. ascites, pulmonary edema, etc. At the onset of the disease ’ care provided by the veterinarian can lead to an improvement or, at least, a ’ slower evolution of disease that is, However, irreversible.
Twisting of the stomach
It is a fairly frequent occurrence in ’ ’ great Dane and the large mole. AND’ probably due to the relationship between depth and breadth of the ribcage. AND’ easier to prevent than it. Torsion is more or less complete the stomach along its longitudinal axis that ends the Cardia and peg. The disease in question is still subject of research and study in when not entirely known.You indicate predisposing elements abundant meals and swallowed quickly, violent and exaggerated movements, jumps, falls, abrupt shifts, made a full stomach. It seems that there is also a hereditary component that might encourage a situation where esophageal mobility predisposing Anatomy, relaxation of the diaphragm and abdominal structures and systems of fixation of the stomach. The fact remains that the stomach rotates around its longitudinal axis and sometimes surpassing the coming 180°. This causes the closure of the gastric orifices (Cardia and peg) resulting fermentation gas and then quick and impressive increase in the volume of the stomach: It follows diaphragm compression, serious alterations of gastric vessels, splenomegaly, etc.
Rotation that makes the stomach during a twist
The clockwise rotation starts from a displacement of pylorus and ’ cavern which run from the right abdominal wall at the midline and then move over the bottom and the body of the stomach and be in the left quadrant of the abdomen while the body ’ stomach is located in the right quadrant.
Source of image ’ www.mondomalamute.eu
Symptoms: as you can guess, given the very serious alterations that you create, are impressive and rapid onset. The animal is slaughtered and ’ l ’ abdomen is increased volume, with tight walls. There are attempts at vomiting, sialorrhea profuse, the mucous quickly become cianotiche and breathing is difficult.
Therapy: because of the rapid progress, Unfortunately, the therapy is rarely crowned with success. Consists of timely surgery ’, that is accomplished in the first hours from onset ’. AND’ important predisposing conditions, which meals too abundant and hurried to full stomach. If you have a suspicion of an outbreak of stomach torsion is indispensable to resort immediately to the veterinarian, Recalling that the ’ only hope to save the ’ animal is related to the rapidity of intervention ’.
Ectropion: the eyelids, reversed towards the outer ’ (especially the lower) do not adequately protect the eye from dust ’, foreign bodies, etc. Only the ’ surgery can correct the pathology.
Entropion: the eyelids, reversed towards the internal cause ’ ’ a chronic inflammation of conjunctiva due to dell ’ eyelashes that are action aimed at internal ’. The ’ effect it can heal with analgesic and anti-inflammatory eyedrops, but a complete healing is allowed only by ’ surgery.
Lesion of the third eyelid: normally the third eyelid is not visible and acts as a further protection of ’ eye through the stimulus to tearing. If we notice in ’ inner corner of eye ’ a strong redness, It is likely a lesion to the third eyelid; the veterinarian will have no difficulty in diagnosing the type of pathology and to prescribe appropriate therapy often through surgery.